Every cell of the human body contains cholesterol. This waxy substance contributes to such essential functions as:
1) Reinforcement of cell walls;
2) Vitamin D synthesis;
3) Production of hormones, including estrogen and testosterone; and
4) Release of bile acids dissolving food fats.
Good and bad cholesterol
Cholesterol is not independent in the blood flow. It merges with proteins, fats and other substances. The resulting clusters are lipoproteins the different forms of which determine whether the cholesterol is good or bad.
Bad cholesterol forms deposits on vessel walls which develop into cholesterol plaques. Such plagues pose a danger of such diseases as infarction and stroke.
Good cholesterol complexes are present in all tissues and organs. They are transported with the blood flow without clogging.
Control of cholesterol
For young and healthy people, it is enough to make clinical blood tests regularly, by checking the cholesterol level every 5 years. Men aged 45 to 65 and women aged 55-65 years should be more vigilant. For them, cholesterol should be measured every year.
The human liver produces 1 g of cholesterol per day. Much smaller quantities (20%) are obtained with food. Special medicines can reduce cholesterol. However, drugs are not so necessary if the lifestyle is healthy and favorable.
Refrain from eating crisps, pastry, hamburgers and other junk food containing lots of calories. Transfats contained in such products increase the bad cholesterol levels.
Instead, your diet should incorporate vegetables, fruit and cereals containing coarse dietary fiber.
Add all sorts of nuts. Walnuts, hazelnuts, peanuts and cashews curtail the levels of bad cholesterol.
Enrich your diet with spices. Garlic, black pepper, turmeric, ginger, coriander and cinnamon stimulate metabolism thus lowering cholesterol levels.
As a matter of fact, thin people are not completely safe from increased cholesterol levels. However overweight and obese people are generally much more prone to being endangered by cholesterol.
Smokers are 5% more prone to cholesterol surges than non-smokers. Give up smoking and be 5% safer.
Physical exercises substantially boost the good cholesterol production by reducing the bad complexes.
Try to avoid and resist stress. Foster positive emotions and internal resilience.